- This is the message from Minister of Development Strategies and International Trade Malik Samarawickrama on Sri Lanka’s first two-day National Export Strategy Symposium which concluded yesterday
The Government’s vision is for Sri Lanka to be the next economic success story in Asia. Thus, exports play a vital role, if not the only option available for the country. Although the fundamental aspects have been discussed at almost all forums and throughout the past decades, Sri Lanka has not been able to reap the benefits of exports for a number of limitations.
Sri Lanka’s growth since independence had high level of volatility with the annual growth rate averaging at around 4.7%. Above 7% growth have been witnessed during short spells, especially during 2010 to 2012, following the end of the conflict.
Exports too witnessed a high growth during this period. However, it has declined steadily from 27% of GDP in 2000 to 13.4% of GDP by 2015. Also the expected FDI rate was 4.5% of GDP, but this is in reality, it was only 1.4%
Post-conflict Sri Lanka had a significant level of optimism in terms of export growth, which was short lived. Therefore, achieving sustained high growth is a serious challenge.
The Government has taken this challenge on board and working on a multifaceted economic policy framework which will integrate to create an enabling environment for long term growth and the benefits will trickle down to all levels of the society, building long term sustainability and economic prosperity to all.
We are in the process of transforming from a debt-financed public investment and import substitution economy to a private sector led export and FDI led development strategy.
Given the size of the small market of 21 million people in the country, the growth potential for Sri Lanka is inevitably lies in global integration. To benefit from opening itself up for trade, Sri Lanka’s products and services will need to not only successfully compete domestically, but also in the highly competitive international market.
Global trading environment is changing rapidly with global production networks and global value chains. These developments are a result of product fragmentation; cross boarder dispersion of component production/assembly. Each country specialises in a particular stage of production sequence and trade the value added components which ultimately result in final product.
Integration into the Global Production Network is vital for Sri Lanka to switch to export oriented industrialisation where economies of scale could be reaped and more foreign exchange earned.
Export growth cannot be achieved through traditional export markets as demand is slack in these countries. The slow growth of exports is also due to the very little diversification of the product basket.
Therefore, it is imperative that Sri Lanka finds new markets and carve out easy market access.
The deepening of the existing FTA with India and Pakistan and working out new FTAs with growing Asian countries such as China and Singapore will create access to a market of over three billion.
Sri Lanka’s agreements with these countries will give companies located in Sri Lanka preferential access to a large market.
Broadening and deepening the India-Sri Lanka FTA via the proposed Economic and Technology Cooperation Agreement (ETCA) will certainly assist Sri Lanka to address most of the current problems it is facing in fully utilising the FTA.
The ETCA negotiations are addressing outstanding non-tariff barriers in the Indian market as well as many other existing procedural barriers and delays in Indian ports of entry.
For export promotion FDIs will support and enhance the supply capacity of and make the best use of market access gained via FDIs. These are the avenues for new business and quality products. Making this transition from debt-financial public investment and import substations to private sector led export and FDI-based development strategy remains challenging. But it is the only option available for Sri Lanka.
In this context developing of a national strategy for exports is a key component of the development agenda of the Government. The strategy will be designed to provide a prioritised five year action oriented framework for trade development and competitiveness. It will focus on a number of priority sectors, selected based on quantitative and qualitative analysis of Sri Lanka’s export competitiveness to ensure prioritised focus. It will also support the economic vision of strengthening the competitiveness of the country’s private sector to achieve inclusive and sustainable growth.
A number of international organisations such as the World Bank, ComSec, Harvard, CID (Centre for International Development) and ADB have undertaken several studies and identified different sectors as promising and future visionary sectors to boost export growth.
Key competitiveness constraints and opportunities at the National level and along the identified priority sectors, value chains, including selected service sectors, as well as cross-sectoral fundamental areas in institutional infrastructure for export promotions, logistics, etc. will also be looked at.
This national endeavour is spearheaded by the Sri Lanka Export Development Board under the strategic guidance of my Ministry (MODSIT) and of course with the total involvement of the private sector.
The International Trade Centre has joined hands with us in developing the strategy by providing a combination of advisory and capacity building inputs and specialised expertise to ensure the NES is of the highest quality and validated by the relevant authorities in Sri Lanka. Sri Lankan companies, especially SMEs, generally lack the knowledge and experience required to adopt and adapt new technologies and thereby develop new/higher value added products and services to address domestic and international market opportunities. Thus, they are unable to access the global value chains which may offer them the opportunity to sell their products and services in the global market.
It is evident that we cannot tackle all the challenges in insolation. Therefore, we need to come on to one platform where we can have a holistic approach.